Asphalt is a mixture of oil, sand and aggregate that is heated before it is applied to the surface. It sets up as it cools. In unincorporated Jackson County, an asphalt surface is used at the discretion of traffic professionals, but most commonly it is used on higher traffic roads and in neighborhood developments.
Chip seal is a process where small chips are rolled out over a waterproof oil-based binder. The result is a surface that closely resembles asphalt; it is also smoother and less dusty than a gravel road.
Strip reconstruction refers to a situation where only a section of road requires improvement. The same process is used as for regular chip seal, but only a portion of the road is recycled and re-paved.